Relation Between Ethnicity And Race In Census Results
Because Hispanic roots are considered aligned with a European ancestry (Spain/Portugal), Hispanic ancestry is defined solely as an ethnic designation . A study done in 2009 shows that there is not a significant difference between the attitudes or preferences towards the terms among young (18–25) and older individuals. Among the overall Hispanic population, young Hispanic prefer to identify themselves with their family’s country of origin. Both groups prefer the term “American” versus “Latino/Hispanic”.
Similarly, the Recording Industry Association of America incorporated “Los Premios de Oro y Platino” to certify Latin recordings which contains at least 50% of its content recorded in Spanish. Among the Hispanic American musicians who were pioneers in the early stages of rock and roll were Ritchie Valens, who scored several hits, most notably “La Bamba” and Herman Santiago, who wrote the lyrics to the iconic rock and roll song “Why Do Fools Fall in Love”. Miguel del Aguila wrote 116 works and has three Latin Grammy nominations. Hispanic and Latino Americans have made distinguished contributions to the United States in all major fields, such as politics, the military, music, film, literature, sports, business and finance, and science.
The Office of Management and Budget has stated that the new term should be, indeed, “Hispanic or Latino” because the usage of the terms differs—”Hispanics is commonly used in the eastern portion of the United States, whereas Latino is commonly used in the western portion”. It is important to note the difference between Latino and Latina. Latino is traditionally reserved for males and Latina for females. A group of Latina women is termed “Latinas”, whereas a group of Latino men or a combination of Latino and Latina individuals are designated as “Latinos” (See Latino ). In a 2012 study, most Spanish speakers of Spanish or Latin American descent in the United States did not choose to use the terms “Hispanic” or “Latino” when describing their identity.
Admiral David Farragut – promoted to vice admiral on December 21, 1864, and to full admiral on July 25, 1866, after the war, thereby becoming the first person to be named full admiral in the Navy’s history. In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor became the first Supreme Court Associate Justice of Hispanic or Latino origin.
Former Hispanic governors include Democrats Jerry Apodaca, Raul Hector Castro, and Bill Richardson, as well as Republicans Octaviano Ambrosio Larrazolo, Romualdo Pacheco and Bob Martinez. As of 2007, there were more than five thousand elected officeholders in the United States who were of Latino origin. The largest Hispanic-owned food company http://www.blackthornassoc.com/?p=2343 in the United States is Goya Foods, because of World War II hero Joseph A. Unanue, the son of the company’s founders. Angel Ramos was the founder of Telemundo, Puerto Rico’s first television station and now the second largest Spanish-language television network in the United States, with an average viewership over one million in primetime.
Others are wholly or predominantly of European or Middle Eastern ancestry or of Amerindian ancestry. Many Hispanics from the Caribbean, as well as other regions of Latin America where African slavery was widespread, may be of sub-Saharan African descent as well. Latina women make disproportionately less than their male and non-Hispanic white counterparts.
In 2006, Time Magazine reported that the number of hate groups in the United States increased by 33 percent since 2000, primarily due to anti-illegal immigrant and anti-Mexican sentiment. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation statistics, the number of anti-Latino hate crimes increased by 35 percent since 2003 . In California, the state with the largest Latino population, the number of hate crimes against Latinos almost doubled. Hispanic and Latinos are racially diverse, although different “races” are usually the majority of each Hispanic group.
In 1986, Billboard magazine introduced the Hot Latin Songs chart which ranks the best-performing songs on Spanish-language radio stations in the United States. Seven years later, Billboard initiated the Top Latin Albums which ranks top-selling Latin albums in the United States.
Another major English dialect, is spoken by Chicanos and Tejanos in the Southwestern United States, called Chicano English. George Lopez and Selena are examples of speakers of Chicano English. An English dialect spoken by Puerto Ricans and other Hispanic groups is called New York Latino English.
The Spanish dialects spoken in the United States differ depending on the country of origin of the person or the person’s family heritage. However, generally, Spanish spoken in the Southwest is Mexican Spanish . An old, colonial variety of Spanish is spoken by descendants of the early Spanish colonists in New Mexico and Colorado, which is New Mexican Spanish.
Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent. Alternatively, Hispanic women who receive a high school diploma experience a wage gap that is about 10 log points lower than Hispanic women who dropped out before graduating high school. In contrast, the benefit of some college is marginal in closing the wage gap, and the benefits of a bachelor’s degree are even smaller.
Most significantly, respondents were given the option of selecting one or more race categories to indicate racial identities. Data show that nearly seven million Americans identified as members of two or more races. Because of these changes, the 2000 census data on race are not directly comparable with data from the 1990 census or earlier censuses. Use of caution is therefore recommended when interpreting changes in the racial composition of the US population over time.
Increased use of Spanish-language media leads to increased levels of group consciousness, according to survey data. The differences in attitudes are due to the diverging goals of Spanish-language and English-language media. The effect of using Spanish-language media serves to promote a sense of group consciousness among Latinos by reinforcing roots in Latin America and the commonalities among Latinos of varying national origin.
Dr. Sarah Stewart, a Mexican-American Microbiologist, is credited with the discovery of the Polyomavirus and successfully demonstrating that cancer causing viruses could be transmitted from animal to animal. Mexican-American psychiatrist Dr. Nora Volkow, whose brain imaging studies helped characterize the mechanisms of drug addiction, is the current director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse. Dr. Helen Rodríguez Trías, an early advocate for women’s reproductive rights, helped drive and draft U.S. federal sterilization guidelines in 1979. She was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Bill Clinton, and was the first Latina president of the American Public Health Association.
Latina Women In The Workforce
Hispanics have also influenced the way English is spoken in the United States. In Miami, for example, the Miami dialect has evolved as the most common form of English spoken and heard in Miami today.